In sculpture, the term "relief" refers to any work in which the figures project from a flat background. In alto-relievo, or high relief, the protrusion is great. Basso-relievo, or bas-relief, protrudes only slightly. Mezzo-relievo is intermediate between the two. Ancient Egyptian and Etruscan art also features cavo-relievo, literally "hollow relief," in which the design is incised deeper than the background. What commonplace item found in many of our pockets features bas-relief?
Back in the day
Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe is a fictional autobiography of the eponymous English castaway marooned on a desert island for 28 years. During this time, Crusoe encounters cannibals, captives, and mutineers and endures endless hardships while preserving his human integrity. The first volume of Defoe's Crusoe story was published in 1719 and garnered immediate acclaim. It is considered by some critics to be the first true English novel. What is the book's full title?
Born on a day like today
A controversial figure in English history, Cromwell was a leader of the parliamentary forces that battled the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of Charles I in 1649, Cromwell became lord protector and virtual dictator of England and raised his country's status once more to that of a leading European power by means of a strict military administration and the enforcement of the Puritan moral code. What did the royalists do to his corpse when they returned to power in 1660?