Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, or Maimonides, was the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages. His great philosophical work, Moreh Nevukhim (Guide for the Perplexed), attempts to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy with the tenets of Jewish theology and addresses such metaphysical and religious topics as the existence of God and the principles of creation. A physician as well as a scholar and philosopher, he also wrote a number of medical texts. Why is he called "Rambam"?
Back in the day
Gemini 3 was the first manned launch of the Gemini program, whose objective was to develop techniques for orbital rendezvous and docking—procedures later used in the Apollo moon-landing missions. Gemini 3's primary goal was to test the new, maneuverable Gemini spacecraft. In space, the crew fired thrusters to change the shape of their orbit, shift their orbital plane slightly, and drop to a lower altitude. What dangerous contraband did one astronaut sneak on board the spacecraft?
Born on a day like today
Colfax was the 17th vice president of the US, serving under Ulysses S. Grant. A prominent newspaperman, he helped organize Indiana's Republican party and was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1850s. He retained his congressional seat until 1869, when he moved on to the office of vice president. With a combined age of 91, Grant and Colfax were the youngest team to enter the White House until Bill Clinton and Al Gore over a century later. What scandal ended Colfax's political career?