Like Hollywood in the US, Bollywood is the movie industry in India. It began in Bombay—now Mumbai—in the 1930s and developed into a film empire that puts out as many as 1,000 feature films annually. Bollywood movies typically include formulaic story lines, expertly choreographed fight scenes, spectacular song-and-dance routines, emotion-charged melodrama, and larger-than-life heroes. More artistic fare can be found in India's alternative films, called Parallel Cinema. What is Tollywood?
Back in the day
Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Spain on September 20, 1519, with five vessels and about 265 men. Sighting the South American coast near Pernambuco, he searched for a suspected passage to the South Sea and ultimately discovered the strait that bears his name. On March 6, 1521, Magellan reached the Marianas and 10 days later the Philippines, where he was killed in a battle with the natives. How many of Magellan's original crew members returned to Spain alive in 1522?
Born on a day like today
Mengele, the "Angel of Death," was an SS officer and doctor in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He supervised the selection of arriving transports of prisoners, determining who would be killed immediately and who would be a forced laborer. He also selected inmates to be test subjects in horrific experiments, during which they were frequently subjected to sterilization surgeries, limb amputations, injections into the eyes, and other brutal procedures. What became of Mengele after the war?