While top Nazi official Adolf Eichmann stood trial for his crimes against humanity during the Holocaust, psychologist Stanley Milgram sought to understand the Nazis' behavior. He launched an experiment in 1961 that investigated a person's willingness to follow orders that conflict with his or her conscience. His method, in which subjects were ordered to administer "electric shocks" of varying intensity to people in another room, were later deemed unethical. What were Milgram's findings?
Back in the day
In 1904, engineer Frederick Henry Royce made his first car and was introduced to Charles Stewart Rolls, who owned a car dealership. The pair agreed to a deal in which Royce would manufacture cars to be sold by Rolls. They decided that the cars would be called "Rolls-Royce," and their British luxury car company was born. Though their "Silver Ghost" model brought early fame, World War I temporarily eliminated demand for luxury cars. What did Rolls-Royce do in order to stay in business?
Born on a day like today
Leander was a Swedish actress and singer. As a contracted performer with Germany's principal film studio, Leander made a number of successful films that contributed to the Third Reich's propaganda. Though Leander did not take part in official Nazi party functions, her association with Nazism caused her to be shunned in Sweden after the war. She resumed acting but never regained the popularity she had enjoyed before. Why did Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels dub her an "Enemy of Germany"?