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United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Established

The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)—now the United Nations Children's Fund—was founded in 1946 for the purpose of providing relief to children in countries devastated by World War II. After 1950, it turned to general children's welfare programs, winning the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965. Today, it focuses on areas in which relatively small expenditures can have a significant impact. How did its famous "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" fundraising campaign begin?

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The Putto

The chubby, usually naked infants with wings that often appear in Renaissance sculpture and paintings are called putti. Putto is the Italian word for "boy," and the cherubic putti found in artwork are usually male. Putti were seen primarily on sarcophagi of the 2nd century before experiencing a revival in 15th-century Italy, thanks largely to the work of Donatello, and becoming a common feature of Baroque ceiling frescoes. What other artist painted well-known representations of putti?

Born on a day like today

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Max Born

A prominent German physicist, Born taught theoretical physics at the University of Göttingen from 1921 to 1933, until Nazi policies forced him—a person of Jewish descent—to flee to England, where he continued to teach at the university level. He made contributions to various branches of physics, including solid-state physics and optics, but his most important work was that related to quantum mechanics—work that earned him a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954. Born was one of 11 signatories to what?

Last updated on Wednesday, 11th December 2013

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