A pecking order is a basic pattern of social organization within a flock of poultry in which dominance is established by aggression—members maintain their status by pecking those lower in rank without fear of retaliation and by submitting to pecks from those of higher rank. Nowadays, the term is used somewhat colloquially to describe social hierarchies among other creatures, including humans, and has even been applied to the finance industry. Who coined the term?
W. Somerset Maugham
Back in the day
For five years, the Eddystone Lighthouse guided mariners safely past the treacherous Eddystone Rocks off the southwestern coast of the UK. Then, a catastrophic hurricane struck. The Great Storm claimed hundreds of ships, thousands of lives, and the Eddystone Lighthouse—along with its builder, Henry Winstanley, who was inside at the time. Fire destroyed the second lighthouse on the site, and erosion led to the dismantling of the third. How did operators mark the 100th anniversary of the fourth?
Born on a day like today
A cultural icon, Lee was one of the most influential martial artists of the 20th century. Lee, whose father was a leading actor, appeared in Hong Kong films as a child and went on to star in action movies that sparked the first major surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West. He constantly trained to improve his physique but was also a philosopher. He collapsed while working on his final film, the cult hit Enter the Dragon, and died a short time later. What caused his death?