Writing teachers often begin with one simple instruction: "Show, don't tell." Plato and Aristotle explored the same concept, but used the terms "diegesis"—which equates to telling—and "mimesis," a form of showing. In diegetic texts, the narrator explicitly relays action to the reader, while mimetic texts draw the reader into the characters' world. Diegesis functions differently in films. The world that characters explore is considered diegetic. What aspects of films are deemed non-diegetic?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Back in the day
Toward the end of the evening rush hour on November 18, 1987, a fire broke out beneath an escalator at King's Cross station in central London. The busy train station was still crowded with commuters, and while many escaped the resulting blaze, 31 fell victim. More than 60 others suffered injuries ranging from smoke inhalation to severe burns. It is believed that a discarded match likely sparked the conflagration. For how many years did the identity of one of the fire's victims remain a mystery?
Born on a day like today
Mankiller was the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation, serving from 1985 to 1995. Her family lived on Cherokee lands in Oklahoma before moving to San Francisco under the Bureau of Indian Affairs' relocation policy. Mankiller became involved in Native American issues there and returned to Oklahoma in 1977. She ascended the ranks of the male-dominated Cherokee society and improved relations between the Cherokees and the federal government. What health issues did she overcome during her life?