" It is of great importance in a republic not only to guard the society against the oppression of its rulers, but to guard one part of the society against the injustice of the other part ... If a majority be united by a common interest, the rights of the minority will be insecure. "
James Madison

Back in the day


First of Two Istanbul Bombings

In a pair of dual truck bomb attacks carried out days apart in Istanbul, Turkey, terrorists took the lives of over 50 people and injured some 700. The first attack targeted two synagogues during Sabbath services. A truck bomb was detonated at each, killing dozens and injuring hundreds more. Five days later, suicide bombers detonated truck bombs at Istanbul's HSBC Bank headquarters and British consulate. What country handed over to Turkey 22 suspects who reportedly fled there after the attacks?




Hypomania is a mild form of mania that lacks the hallucinations of full-blown mania. It is most commonly associated with bipolar II disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive disorder. Someone experiencing hypomania often acts like the life of the party, exhibiting seemingly boundless energy, hyperactivity, talkativeness, heightened sexual interest, a decreased need for sleep, and recklessness, among other symptoms. What famous explorer may have been so afflicted?

Born on a day like today


John I "the Posthumous" of France

For the five days he lived, John I, son of Louis X, was king of France. He thus had the shortest reign of any recognized French king. Because his uncle, Philip V, succeeded him, rumors swirled that Philip had caused John's death. Another story claimed that a dying child had been substituted for John, who was then raised in Siena. In the mid-1300s, a Sienese man named Giannino di Guccio began claiming that he was John I and traveled through Europe seeking recognition. What happened to him?

Last updated on Friday, 15th November 2013

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