About 20 years after the Spanish conquered the Aztec empire, they commissioned Aztec scribes to create the Codex Mendoza. Named for Antonio de Mendoza, the first viceroy of New Spain, the codex contains a history of Aztec conquests, a description of Aztec daily life in traditional pictograms, and commentary added by Spanish missionaries. The codex was intended to be sent to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, but the ship carrying it was attacked. Where did it end up?
Back in the day
Though she is now 27 years old and has kids of her own, Jessica McClure is still known to most Americans as "Baby Jessica." At 18 months old, McClure fell into an 8-inch (20-cm) wide well in Midland, Texas. The 58-hour rescue effort captivated the country. For those few days, in the words of US President Ronald Reagan, "everybody in America became godfathers and godmothers of Jessica." Donations poured in from those moved by the child's plight. What were the physical ramifications of her ordeal?
Born on a day like today
Jewish political philosopher Hannah Arendt fled Germany for France and then the US following Hitler's rise to power in 1933. Her reputation as a scholar and writer was firmly established with the publication of The Origins of Totalitarianism, which linked Nazism and Communism to 19th-century imperialism and anti-Semitism. Her next major publication, The Human Condition, likewise received wide acclaim. What controversial concept did she put forth in her Eichmann in Jerusalem?