Stupas are dome-shaped monuments erected in memory of the Buddha or Buddhist saints, often marking a sacred spot, commemorating an event, or housing a relic. A simple stupa consists of a circular earthenware base supporting a solid dome topped with an umbrella that symbolizes protection. Originally, such mounds served as burial places for royalty. The tradition was appropriated by Buddhists, who worship by walking clockwise around the stupa. What well-known Asian structures evolved from stupas?
Frances Hodgson Burnett
Back in the day
In 1520, Cabrillo, an explorer in the service of Spain, landed in Mexico and joined in the conquests of Mexico and Guatemala. Some 20 years later, he accompanied an expedition up the west coast of Mexico, assuming its command after the death of its original commander. He then proceeded to explore much of the coast of what is now the state of California, becoming the first European to do so. How far north did he get before complications from a broken bone, possibly gangrene, took his life?
Born on a day like today
Marble was an American tennis player who began playing at age 15 and rose rapidly in the national tennis rankings after 1931. She won 18 Grand Slam championships: five in singles, six in doubles, and seven in mixed doubles. Her personal life, however, was filled with tragedy and intrigue. Her husband was killed during World War II, just days after Marble had suffered a miscarriage. She attempted suicide but recovered and, in 1945, began spying for US intelligence. What was her mission?