An art film is a motion picture made as a serious artistic work—not primarily for mass appeal. Unlike big-budget, escapist Hollywood blockbusters, art films are often low-budget and experiment with unusual narrative techniques. Traditionally, makers of art films have struggled to get financial backing, but today, major motion picture studios have divisions devoted to non-mainstream fare, which sparks debate over whether such films are truly "independent." What are some famous art films?
Jerome K. Jerome
Back in the day
In the early years of space exploration, the US and USSR launched numerous probes in their race to explore outer space and the Moon in particular. The first probes were intended either to pass very close to the Moon—performing a flyby—or crash directly into it—a maneuver known as a hard landing. The Soviets were the first to succeed in the latter objective. Luna 2 impacted the lunar surface on September 14, 1959. What did Premier Nikita Khrushchev present to the US president the next day?
Born on a day like today
Masaryk, a diplomat and politician in newly independent Czechoslovakia, was named ambassador to Britain in 1925. Following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, he became foreign minister of the Czech government in exile in London. He supported cooperation with the Soviet Union and maintained his post after the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948. Two weeks later, Masaryk was found dead outside his window in the Foreign Ministry. What are the conflicting explanations for his death?