When the American West was still being settled, large ranchers monopolized areas of public range land in Wyoming to prevent newcomers from settling there. In April 1892, war broke out between settlers and established ranchers, culminating in a lengthy shootout between small ranchers, a band of hired killers, and a sheriff's posse. Federal troops eventually intervened on orders from US President Benjamin Harrison. What note did the hired gunmen pin on the chest of the first man they killed?
Back in the day
Considered by some to be the first major international event of the Cold War, the defection of Soviet cipher clerk Igor Gouzenko radically transformed the way the West regarded and approached Soviet espionage. The authorities at first dismissed Gouzenko's reports of Stalin's efforts to steal nuclear secrets and of Soviet spy rings operating in Canada and the US, but he soon convinced them of the truth behind his allegations. The information he revealed helped lead to the apprehension of whom?
Born on a day like today
James was an outlaw who became a legendary figure in American folklore. After the Civil War, he and a number of other former Confederate guerillas banded together to rob banks, trains, and stagecoaches across several states. He was later betrayed by fellow bandit Robert Ford, who shot him to death in 1882 in order to receive a $10,000 reward. Despite James's reputation as a murderous thief, his exploits led to a number of romanticized legends, including rumors that he survived until when?