In garden design, a ha-ha is a trench that forms a physical barrier, usually to keep out livestock, without interrupting the view or aesthetics of the garden. Before the advent of mechanical lawnmowers, the ha-ha—also called a sunk fence—ensured that grazing sheep trimmed outside grasses without destroying the lawn. In 2005, the Washington Monument was surrounded by a ha-ha for security purposes. How, according to English writer Horace Walpole, did the ha-ha supposedly get its name?
Back in the day
The day before this controversial police shooting, four suicide bombing attempts on London's transport system failed, sparking a massive manhunt for the escaped bombers. With the perpetrators still at large, commuters returned to the tube. On July 22, police at the Stockwell tube station shot and killed 27-year-old Jean Charles de Menezes, whom they mistook for suspected bomber Hussain Osman. What police protocol for dealing with suspected suicide bombers was criticized after the tragic mistake?
Born on a day like today
Goldszmit was a Jewish doctor and author of children's literature who wrote under the pen name Janusz Korczak. In 1912, he established an orphanage in Warsaw. When World War II broke out, he refused to flee the Nazis and continued to care for the children even after his orphanage was forced to move into the Warsaw Ghetto in 1940. In August 1942, Nazi soldiers came with orders to take all the children and workers in the orphanage to the Treblinka concentration camp. What happened to Korczak?