As the name implies, a company town is built around a business, typically a plant or factory, for its employees and their families. The company often owns much or all of the real estate, including residential and commercial buildings, grocery stores, and libraries. Company towns emerged in the late 19th century. Though there were more than 2,500 at their height, most of the towns collapsed economically when their companies cut back or went out of business. What were some famous US company towns?
Back in the day
A Bohemian religious reformer, Hus was excommunicated in 1411 after taking a stand in the power struggle among the three figures claiming to be pope of the Catholic Church. He continued to preach, but his criticism led to a case of heresy against him, and he was invited to the Council of Constance to explain his views. Though promised safe conduct to the council, he was arrested, tried for heresy, and burned at the stake. What seemingly prescient thing did Hus do before traveling to Constance?
Born on a day like today
One of the greatest heroes of the US Navy, Jones emigrated from Scotland at the start of the American Revolution. In 1779, while commanding the Bonhomme Richard, he engaged the British Serapis in battle. With his ship on fire and sinking, he answered a call to surrender by saying, "I have not yet begun to fight!" Eventually, the crew of the badly damaged Serapis surrendered, and Jones and his men boarded her. Where were Jones's remains—lost for over a century—found in 1905?