Assemblage is an artistic process in which a three-dimensional composition is made from combining found objects. In 1961, "The Art of Assemblage" exhibition at New York's Museum of Modern Art publicized the movement and featured many renowned artists, including Marcel Duchamp and Pablo Picasso, both of whom had been working with found objects for years. The term "assemblage" originated in the early 1950s when Jean Dubuffet created a series of collages of butterfly wings and called it what?
Back in the day
Originally a statesman's villa, Kyoto's Temple of the Golden Pavilion has an exterior of gold leaf and is situated on a pond in a lush Japanese garden. The building narrowly avoided destruction many times in its long history, but in 1950, a young Buddhist monk set fire to it during a suicide attempt. He survived and was sentenced to seven years in prison. In 1955, the temple was rebuilt true to its original appearance. That same year, the arsonist was released from prison early for what reason?
Born on a day like today
Lumumba was an African nationalist leader and the first elected prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after it gained independence from Belgium in 1960. The early years of independence were tumultuous, and Lumumba held his position for just weeks before being deposed. He was later executed by firing squad. His death was not officially announced for three weeks, and rumors swirled about US and Belgian involvement. Who had plotted earlier to kill Lumumba with poisoned toothpaste?