Working behind the scenes of on-camera talent, film crews are a vital part of the moviemaking process, taking care of such things as production, art, hair and makeup, cameras, sounds, visual effects, and lighting. Many of the positions within the crew have special names. For example, lighting and rigging technicians are known as grips. The key grip heads the department and works with the director of photography to arrange lighting and blocking. The best boy, also on the lighting team, does what?
Back in the day
During World War II, Italy was a monarchy in chaos. King Victor Emmanuel III had appointed Benito Mussolini prime minister in 1922 to avoid revolt, but, when war came, the two fought on opposite sides—Mussolini with the Axis and Victor Emmanuel with the Allies. Victor Emmanuel's history with Mussolini made the monarch unpopular after the war, and he abdicated in favor of his son, who ruled for 40 days before the Italian Republic was created by a referendum. Whom did it exile until 2002?
Born on a day like today
Described by French poet Guillaume Apollinaire as "the freest spirit that has yet existed," the Marquis de Sade was a French novelist and philosopher infamous for his wildly liberal lifestyle and erotic writings. The term "sadism" derives from his depictions of violent behavior, and he spent decades in prisons and insane asylums for his scandalous actions. How did he try to incite a riot at the Bastille, where he was imprisoned just days before it was stormed by French revolutionaries?