Initially, the reign of Roman emperor Hadrian was judicious. In Palestine, however, he proved himself ruthless. Around 130 CE, he began enforcing Romanizing policies among the Jews under his rule. With circumcision banned, Jews barred from Jerusalem, and a Roman temple being erected on the ruins of the Jewish one, the Jews revolted. Under the leadership of Simon Bar Kokhba, hailed by some as the Messiah, the Jews rebelled and established a sovereign state. How long did it survive?
Back in the day
Nearly 50 years before the infamous trials that resulted in the execution of 20 people as witches in Salem, Massachusetts, Alse Young of Windsor, Connecticut, became the victim of the first recorded execution for witchcraft in the American colonies. Although she may have had a daughter who was also accused of witchcraft 30 years later, very little is known about Young's life, except that she was hanged at Meeting House Square in Hartford. A mention of her execution is recorded in whose diary?
Born on a day like today
Smith was an African-American vaudeville singer, dancer, and actress, but her most enduring legacy is a single she recorded in 1920 for Okeh Records. The first recording of vocal blues by an African-American artist, "Crazy Blues" quickly—and somewhat unexpectedly—became a bestseller. Its success opened record executives' eyes to a previously neglected market—African-American buyers—and ushered in the era of the "race record." Smith's "Crazy Blues" was accorded what honor in 2005?