The yari is a traditional Japanese spear consisting of a pointed blade affixed to the end of a lengthy pole. It came into common use after the attempted Mongol invasions of Japan in the 13th century. Confronted by hordes of Mongols bearing spears, the Japanese—who had traditionally engaged in highly-skilled, ritualized combat involving swords—were forced to adopt the yari. In the modern era of firearms, the yari is largely a ceremonial weapon. What variations of yari were once used?
Back in the day
On the night of March 21, 1952, more than 20,000 fans tried to pack into the Cleveland Arena, which had an actual capacity of about half that number. Consequently, authorities shut down that evening's concert, the Moondog Coronation Ball, just minutes into the opening act, Paul Williams and his Hucklebuckers. The show is considered to have been the first major rock concert in history. It was promoted by Alan Freed, the Cleveland disc jockey believed to have coined what term?
Born on a day like today
The son of a German pastor, Richter initially planned to follow in his father's footsteps, but after studying theology at university, he found a new passion in writing. He published two poorly received satirical works before suffering a spiritual crisis that profoundly altered his outlook and writing style. His next book, Die unsichtbare Loge, The Invisible Lodge, a romance published in 1793, was the first of his many works to receive acclaim. Who inspired his pen name, Jean Paul?