Backpacking is an outdoor activity that combines hiking and camping. Because backpackers must carry all of their own supplies for food and shelter, backpacking excursions involve fewer comforts than traditional camping trips. On the other hand, because backpackers can remain in the wilderness overnight and resume hiking each morning, they are able to access remote areas of wilderness that are inaccessible by car or too distant for day-hikers to reach. What dangers do backpackers face?
L. Frank Baum
Back in the day
Modern oil-drilling technology includes safety features such as blowout preventers, but when the Lakeview Gusher exploded in 1910, such safeguards were nonexistent. The result was one of the largest oil spills in history. Located in Kern County, California, the out-of-control oil well created rivers of crude oil that workers rushed to contain with makeshift dams. Though it never caught fire, it eventually released some 9 million barrels of oil. When was it finally brought under control?
Born on a day like today
By the time Hodler was a teenager, tuberculosis had killed much of his family. Having been trained in the basics of painting by his stepfather, the orphaned Hodler—imbued with a strong sense of mortality—became one of the most important Swiss painters of his time. He evolved a powerful means of expression with strong rhythmic patterns and a tight linear structure, which he called "parallelism." In the months leading up to January of 1915, Hodler made a series of paintings documenting what?