" One quality may be the contrary of another; thus justice is the contrary of injustice, whiteness of blackness, and so on. "

Back in the day


Turkmenistan Gains Independence from the Soviet Union

Following Turkmenistan's independence, the head of its Communist Party, Saparmurat Niyazov, became president. He developed a totalitarian cult of personality, isolating the Central Asian nation culturally and politically. Citizens were tested on their knowledge of Niyazov's autobiography and spiritual guide book, the Ruhnama—even on driver's license tests. Niyazov's successor later reversed many of his policies, including the decision to rename the months of the calendar after what?



Johann Reichhart

Born into a family of professional executioners, Reichhart executed about 3,000 people in Germany during his career, which began in 1924. Most of the people he dispatched were convicted of political crimes under the Nazi regime. He was later employed to help execute Nazi war criminals by hanging. Said to have been a lonely man who sought to execute the condemned as quickly as possible to shorten their suffering, he reportedly preferred what method of execution?

Born on a day like today


Roy Lichtenstein

Lichtenstein was an American artist best known for his brilliantly colored paintings in the style of large-scale comic strips, such as Whaam! and Drowning Girl. Originally an abstract expressionist, he turned to the New York-based pop art movement in the 1960s. In addition to his comic-book inspired panels, he created ironic pop art reinterpretations of famous paintings by artists such as Picasso. Which of his works was destroyed in the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks?

Last updated on Saturday, 27th October 2012

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