Though today the term is often associated with strip clubs, the traditional British gentlemen's club was an exclusive, members-only establishment where upper-class men could drink, dine, and socialize. Most barred women, and many had strict membership requirements—like requiring prospective members to have traveled at least 500 miles from London in order to gain admittance. Their numbers have dwindled since their heyday in the 18th and 19th centuries. What is the largest gentlemen's club today?
Back in the day
In 1961, Estelle Griswold, executive director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut, opened a birth control clinic for women in deliberate defiance of an 1879 law outlawing the use or distribution of contraceptives. She was arrested and fined. Her appeal made it to the US Supreme Court, which stated in a landmark 1965 decision that married couples had a right to "marital privacy," which included the right to use birth control. When was the same right extended to unwed individuals?
Born on a day like today
Szell was a Hungarian-born conductor and pianist who immigrated to the US during WWII. Having already conducted many European orchestras, he soon became the principal conductor at the Metropolitan Opera. In 1946, he took over the Cleveland Orchestra and, by means of his famously dictatorial approach, built it into one of the most respected ensembles in the world, famed for its precision. Nearly 20 years after Szell's death, who complained that he still got credit when the orchestra did well?