" The Tin Woodman knew very well he had no heart, and therefore he took great care never to be cruel or unkind to anything. "
L. Frank Baum

Back in the day


Sled Dogs Reach Nome, Alaska, with Diphtheria Serum

In 1925, a diphtheria outbreak threatened the small city of Nome. The town's supply of antitoxin had run out, and a mail shipment would have taken weeks to arrive. After learning of the crisis, 20 mushers and some 150 sled dogs, including the famous Balto, relayed fresh antitoxin 674 miles (1,085 km) in a record five and a half days, preventing an epidemic. Today, the heroic journey is commemorated by the annual Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. How long does it take modern competitors to complete?



Tillia Tepe

Tillia Tepe, which literally means "Golden Hill" in Persian, is an ancient necropolis in northern Afghanistan that dates to the 1st century BCE. In 1979, a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, a Soviet-Afghan team of archaeologists discovered some 20,000 gold ornaments in six graves at the site. The treasure went missing in subsequent wars and was thought to have been destroyed by the Taliban, but it has since been rediscovered and widely exhibited. To whom did the gold first belong?

Born on a day like today


George Halas, "Papa Bear"

Halas was a pioneering football player, coach, and owner of one of the 11 original teams in the American Professional Football Association (APFA), the Decatur Staleys. Founded in 1920, the APFA went on to become the National Football League (NFL) in 1922—the same year Halas moved his team to Chicago and renamed it the Bears. Under his leadership, the Chicago Bears won seven NFL championships. In addition to coaching, Halas also played what position during the 1920s?

Last updated on Thursday, 2nd February 2012

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