Irish Gaelic was made an official language of Ireland in 1921. Although hundreds of thousands of Irish citizens and people of Irish descent have some competence in Irish Gaelic, it is a true community language only for a small number of people on Ireland's western coast in what are called Gaeltachts—an Irish Gaelic term for regions in Ireland where it is spoken as a native language. In what ways has the government attempted to revive Gaelic as the primary language of the country?
Back in the day
The Anglo-Zulu War was fought between the British Empire and the Zulu nation. It began when Zulu king Cetshwayo, determined to resist European advances into his territory, rejected British demands to disband his troops. The British attacked, and Cetshwayo routed them at Isandlwana with a disciplined army of 40,000, but his forces were utterly defeated at Ulundi, with 1,500 Zulus, compared to 13 Britons, killed in the final battle. The British then burned the town and did what to Cetshwayo?
Born on a day like today
Pictured on the US $10 bill, Hamilton was an American Founding Father and the first secretary of the treasury. Differences between Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson led to the rise of political parties, with Hamilton heading the Federalist Party and Madison and Jefferson leading the Democratic-Republican Party. In 1804, Aaron Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel, and though Hamilton opposed the practice and had even lost a son in a duel, he agreed and was mortally wounded. Why did Burr challenge him?