Deindustrialization is a process of social and economic change brought about by the reduction or removal of industrial production. It represents an economic shift that usually occurs in mature economies, such as that of the US. Although it can be beneficial to some sectors, deindustrialization can cause widespread joblessness and poverty in industrial cities like Detroit, Michigan, the onetime "automobile capital of the world." What percent of the city's population lives below the poverty line?
Back in the day
Established in 1881, the Los Angeles Times was purchased and incorporated in 1884 by Harrison Gray Otis. The newspaper prospered and became an influential force in conservative politics in California. Long dominated by the Chandler family, beginning with Otis's son-in-law Harry Chandler, it developed into a model of balanced and comprehensive journalism in the 1960s, with Otis Chandler at the helm, and came to be seen as one of the world's top papers. Why were its offices bombed in 1910?
Born on a day like today
Butler was a British novelist and critic. Descended from clergymen, he grappled for years with Christianity and evolution in his writings, first embracing, then rejecting, Charles Darwin's theories. He is best known for his autobiographical novel The Way of All Flesh. During his lifetime, his reputation rested on the utopian satire Erewhon (1872), which foreshadowed the end of the Victorian illusion of eternal progress. What prediction did Butler make about human evolution?