The Little Ice Age was a period of expansion of mountain glaciers and cooling of global temperatures that occurred between 1400 and 1900, especially in the Alps, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Alaska. Although no definitive link has yet been proved, the middle and coldest portion of the Little Ice Age corresponds roughly to the Maunder minimum, a period of unusually low sunspot activity lasting from about 1645 to 1715. How is the Little Ice Age thought to have influenced the art of the period?
Lucy Maud Montgomery
Back in the day
Juan Carlos is the reigning king of Spain. He was groomed for the role by his predecessor Francisco Franco, the Spanish leader who abolished the republic and declared Spain a representative monarchy. He acceded to the throne two days after Franco's death, becoming the first Spanish king since his grandfather was deposed in 1931. A popular monarch, he presided over Spain's transition to democracy and has acted decisively to maintain political stability. He competed in what Olympic event in 1972?
Born on a day like today
Mary of Guise was the queen consort of James V of Scotland and the mother of their daughter—the future Mary Queen of Scots. After the outbreak of war between Scotland and England, Mary arranged her daughter's betrothal to the French dauphin. Becoming regent, Mary of Guise made no secret of her desire to bring France and Scotland together. In 1559, the Protestants, led by John Knox and allied with England, rose against her and declared her deposed. What happened in the aftermath of her death?