French for "beautiful era," the belle époque was a period of relative political stability and artistic and cultural refinement between the late 19th century and the start of WWI, especially in France. The era was viewed as a golden age among European powers, a period characterized by new technologies and luxuries, including changes in transportation, fashion, and the arts. Champagne was perfected during this period, and haute couture was invented. What modernist authors emerged during this era?
Lucy Maud Montgomery
Back in the day
Diana's beauty and unprecedented popularity as a member of the royal family attracted intense press attention, and she became one of the most photographed women in the world. After her divorce from Prince Charles in 1996, she remained highly visible and continued her activities on behalf of numerous charities. In 1997, she was killed in a car crash in Paris, along with her companion, Dodi al-Fayed, and their driver. Who was blamed for the accident in subsequent investigations?
Born on a day like today
Helmholtz was one of the greatest scientists of the 19th century. He made fundamental contributions to physiology, optics, electrodynamics, mathematics, acoustics, and meteorology, but he is best known for formulating the mathematical law of conservation of energy. His approach was strongly empirical at a time when many scientists embraced deductions from mental concepts. He described body heat and energy, nerve conduction, and the physiology of the eye. What medical instruments did he invent?