A qadi is a Muslim judge who renders decisions according to Sharia, the canon law of Islam. Although his jurisdiction extends to civil and criminal matters, the qadi typically hears only religious cases, such as those involving inheritance, marriage, and divorce. The first qadi was appointed in the 7th century by the second Muslim caliph, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, to help alleviate the burden of judging disputes that arose in the community. What are the qualifications for becoming a qadi?
Back in the day
The Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty of 1972 limited the number of defensive antiballistic missile systems allowed to the US and USSR. Effective ABM systems had been sought since the Cold War, when the nuclear arms race raised the specter of complete destruction by unstoppable ballistic missiles. In the West, the treaty was seen as a deterrent to nuclear war, since neither side would be able to fully protect against nuclear attack. Why then did the US withdraw from the treaty in 2002?
Born on a day like today
Uris was an American novelist known for his many popular novels, especially the 1958 bestseller Exodus, a fictional account of Israel's early history that was eventually translated into dozens of languages. Meticulously researched, much of his fiction is set in historical periods of the 20th century. Uris also wrote screenplays, notably for the classic Western Gunfight at the OK Corral, and many of his novels were made into films. Who starred in the film version of Exodus?