The Congress of Vienna was one of the most important international conferences in European history. Ambassadors from all of the major European powers attended the congress, whose main purpose was to redraw the continent's political map following the defeat of Napoleonic France. The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars had swept away Europe's entire structure, and determining new borders was a complex process. What controversial diplomat wrote his Harvard doctoral dissertation on this congress?
W. Somerset Maugham
Back in the day
The Battle of Edgecote Moor was an important turning point in the series of dynastic civil wars for the English throne known as the Wars of the Roses (1455-1485). The battle pitted the forces of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, against those of King Edward IV. Warwick had once been loyal to Edward and had even helped put him on the throne, but Edward began to resent him and suppress his influence. Angered, Warwick allied with Edward's brother, George, and rose in rebellion. Who won the battle?
Born on a day like today
Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and the founder of analytical psychology. Early in his career, he worked with psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler, who studied and named "schizophrenia." Jung wrote a book on the illness, which led to a meeting with Sigmund Freud, and the two formed a close relationship for a number of years. However, Jung's criticism of Freud's emphasis on the sexual basis of neuroses ended their collaboration, and a formal break came when Jung published what revolutionary book?