" History fades into fable; fact becomes clouded with doubt and controversy; the inscription molders from the tablet; the statue falls from the pedestal. Columns, arches, pyramids, what are they but heaps of sand—and their epitaphs, but characters written in the dust? "
Washington Irving

Back in the day


Riot at Ten-Cent Beer Night

In a disastrous effort to increase ticket sales, the Cleveland Indians decided to hold a "Ten-Cent Beer Night," allowing attendees to purchase unlimited cups of beer for just 10 cents each, during a home game against the Texas Rangers. The promotion did boost attendance, however, it also created a stadium full of drunken spectators who disrupted early innings of the game with streaking and flashing. Eventually, a violent mob flooded the field and clashed with players. How did the game end?




A lahar is a destructive mudflow that travels down the slopes of a volcano when water, often from a heavy rainfall, lake breakout, or water body or glacier displaced or melted by an eruption, mixes with rocky debris and volcanic ash. Lahars can travel up to 60 mph (100 km/h) and are similar to concrete in consistency. In 1985, lahars created by the eruption of Colombia's Nevado del Ruiz buried 22,000 people in 26 ft (8 m) of mud. What places are considered to be particularly at risk for lahars?

Born on a day like today


Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Mannerheim was a Finnish-born soldier and statesman. A career officer in the Russian imperial army from 1889 to 1917, he went on to command the anti-Bolshevik forces in the Finnish Civil War and expelled the Soviet forces, serving as regent of Finland until the new republic was declared. He served as commander-in-chief of Finnish forces in the Russo-Finnish War and was named president of Finland in 1944, after which he negotiated a peace agreement with the Soviets. Why did he resign in 1946?

Last updated on Saturday, 4th June 2011

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