American animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera both began working at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1937. The two soon created the cartoon characters Tom, a cat, and Jerry, a mouse, and from 1940 to 1957, they produced more than 200 cartoons, seven of which won Academy Awards. In 1957, they left MGM and set up their own production company, Hanna-Barbera, concentrating on cartoon series produced specifically for television, including The Flintstones, Yogi Bear, and what others?
Back in the day
In the mid-1960s, American pop-art icon Andy Warhol began to devote much of his time and energy to filmmaking, producing marathon essays on boredom and voyeurism. In 1968, he was shot and wounded by Valerie Solanas, a feminist writer who had appeared in one of his films. Warhol never fully recovered from the shooting and died from complications following surgery in 1987. Warhol's shooting was mostly overshadowed in the media at the time due to the assassination of what figure a few days later?
Born on a day like today
Loewi was a German-born American physiologist and pharmacologist. A professor of pharmacology at Austria's University of Graz, he was forced into exile by the Nazi purge of professors in 1938 and began teaching at New York University in 1940. He investigated the physiology and pharmacology of metabolism, the kidneys, the heart, and the nervous system. For his discovery of the chemical transmission of nerve impulses, he shared the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with whom?