The Desert Fathers were ascetics who began moving into the Scetes desert of Egypt in the 3rd century CE. By the time the most well-known of the Desert Fathers, St. Anthony of Egypt, died in 356, thousands had moved into the desert and established monastic communities that came to exert a major influence on Christianity. St. Anthony saw withdrawal from society and asceticism as an alternative to the tradition of martyrdom after Rome's legalization of Christianity in what year?
W. Somerset Maugham
Back in the day
In 1882, Lord Frederick Cavendish, British secretary for Ireland, and Thomas Henry Burke, his undersecretary, were assassinated as they were walking in Dublin's Phoenix Park. They were stabbed to death by members of a radical splinter group of the Fenian movement called the "Invincibles." Two of those arrested turned state's evidence, five were hanged, and three were sentenced to prison. What was the political aftermath of the assassinations?
Born on a day like today
Welles began acting on stage at 16 and made his Broadway debut in 1934. In 1937, he and John Houseman formed the Mercury Theatre, creating a series of radio dramas and winning notoriety with their panic-producing broadcast of War of the Worlds. Welles then moved to Hollywood, where, at age 26, he cowrote, directed, produced, and acted in the classic Citizen Kane, considered among the most influential movies in film history. What other films did Welles direct?