" I am certain that after the dust of centuries has passed over our cities, we, too, will be remembered not for victories or defeats in battles or in politics, but for our contribution to the human spirit. "
John F. Kennedy

Back in the day


The Alhambra Decree Is Issued

Fourteen years after Ferdinand II and Isabella I, the "Catholic Monarchs" of Spain, established the Spanish Inquisition to discover and punish converted Jews—and later Muslims—who were insincere, they issued the Alhambra Decree, an edict ordering the expulsion of all Jews who refused to convert to Christianity. Any Jew who did not convert or leave by the deadline faced execution. Non-Jews found sheltering or hiding Jews had all of their belongings seized. When was the edict officially revoked?




A supermodel is a highly-paid elite fashion model who usually has earned a worldwide reputation and often has a background in haute couture and commercial modeling. Although the term has roots earlier in the 20th century, it became especially popular during the 1980s and 1990s, when the names­—and not just the faces—of particular models began to be internationally recognized. What supermodel once said that models of her caliber "don't wake up for less than $10,000 a day"?

Born on a day like today


Joseph Haydn

The principal shaper of the Classical style, Haydn was an Austrian composer who exerted major influence on his contemporaries, including Mozart, and future composers. The first great symphonist, he composed 106 symphonies and virtually invented the string quartet. By his later years, he was recognized internationally as the greatest living composer. He composed important works in almost every genre. As a teacher, Haydn had a difficult relationship with what famous student?

Last updated on Thursday, 31st March 2011

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