A kreml, in Russian, is a citadel or walled city center. Several Russian cities have such structures, but the most famous one is in Moscow and is known simply as "the Kremlin." It was the residence Russia's czars until 1712, and in 1918, it became the Soviet Union's political and administrative center. Triangular and surrounded by crenellated walls, it occupies 90 acres (36.4 hectares) in the historic core of Moscow, a site that has been continuously inhabited since what century BCE?
Back in the day
In 1941, the Nazis ordered all remaining Jews in the Polish city of Kraków—15,000 of an original 68,000—to move into a walled-off district of the city, thereafter known as the Kraków ghetto. The systematic deportation of these Jews to concentration camps began in May 1942. On March 13 and 14, 1943, the deportation of 8,000 Jews to a nearby camp and the killing of 2,000 in the streets completed the Nazi's "liquidation" of the ghetto. What non-Jewish ghetto resident saved countless Jewish lives?
Born on a day like today
Travis was a Broadway and film performer who began her career at the age of 14 by joining the Ziegfeld Follies, the long-running annual Broadway revue famous for its extraordinarily elaborate theatrical productions and chorus of beautiful women, known as the Ziegfeld Girls after the show's producer. Travis, who became one of the stars of the revue, lived to the age of 106 and was the last surviving Ziegfeld Girl. What did she do in the 74 years after her show-business career ended?