Philip II was king of Macedonia from 359 to 336 BCE. He was originally appointed regent for his nephew but seized the throne for himself, ruthlessly suppressing all opposition. After reorganizing his army and training it in the effective Theban phalanx formation, he launched an ambitious program of expansion by conquest and diplomacy. In 338 BCE, Philip defeated Athens and Thebes, becoming leader of all of Greece and creating a league of states united against Persia. Who was Philip's famous son?
John F. Kennedy
Back in the day
In 1997, thousands of people reported a series of optical phenomena—since known as the Phoenix Lights—taking place in the skies over the US states of Arizona and Nevada. The sightings consisted of two events: a triangular formation of lights observed passing overhead and a series of stationary lights seen in the Phoenix area. Although the US Air Force identified the second group of lights as flares, many believe the first set of lights were those of a UFO, including what notable politician?
Born on a day like today
Lowell was an astronomer who built a private observatory in Arizona to study Mars and championed the idea that intelligent inhabitants of the Red Planet had constructed a planetwide system of irrigation there. He believed that the so-called canals of Mars were bands of cultivated vegetation dependent on this irrigation. His theory, long vigorously opposed, was finally put to rest by images taken by the US Mariner spacecrafts. Lowell did, however, correctly predict the existence of what "planet"?