Published under the direction of Denis Diderot, Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers—Encyclopedia, or Classified Dictionary of Sciences, Arts, and Trades—was one of the principal works of the Enlightenment. Inspired by the success of E. Chambers's British Cyclopaedia; or An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, the first 17 of an eventual 35 volumes were published between 1751 and 1765. Who were some of its notable contributors?
Back in the day
The February 26 Incident was an attempted military coup in Japan launched by a radical faction of the Imperial Japanese Army that sought to stamp out corruption and poverty in rural Japan by assassinating certain elder statesmen. Before the coup was suppressed, the rebels managed to briefly occupy the center of Tokyo and kill several leading politicians, including the finance minister. The prime minister, however, survived thanks to a case of mistaken identity. Who was killed in his place?
Born on a day like today
Hugo was a French poet, dramatist, and novelist. The son of a general, he was an accomplished poet before age 20. With his verse drama Cromwell in 1827, he emerged as an important figure in Romanticism. His best-known novels are The Hunchback of Notre Dame, an evocation of medieval life, and Les Misérables, the story of the convict Jean Valjean. Their immense popularity made him the most successful writer in the world at that time. Why was Hugo forced into exile in 1851?