Elephants are some of the most intelligent mammals on the planet and can therefore be trained to work and perform. However, their complex temperaments make training and handling them a challenge. Extensive studies place elephants in the category of great apes in terms of cognitive abilities for tool use and tool making, and their problem solving ability is considered equal to that of dolphins. Elephants are the only animals in the world known to have a ritual surrounding what event?
Jerome K. Jerome
Back in the day
The island of Iwo Jima is only 8 sq mi (21 sq km) in area, but when US forces attacked the Japanese air base there during WWII, it became the site of one of the most severe campaigns of the war. More than 21,000 Japanese troops and nearly 7,000 Americans died in the clashes. A photograph of US marines raising the American flag over Iwo Jima's Mt. Suribachi has since become one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the US until it was returned to Japan in what year?
Born on a day like today
Breton was a French writer, critic, and editor. In 1919, he helped found the Dadaist review Littérature. Influenced by psychiatry and the Symbolist movement, he wrote poetry using the automatic-writing technique. In 1924, his Manifeste du surréalisme—Surrealist Manifesto—provided a definition of Surrealism as "pure psychic automatism." In 1938, he founded the Fédération de l'Art Revolutionnaire Indépendant in Mexico with what one-time commander of the Red Army?