Trick decks are decks of playing cards altered in some way to allow magicians to perform certain card tricks, often without the use of sleight of hand. These decks bestow upon their handlers the ability to control the location of cards, to "force" a spectator to choose a particular card, or to know what each card is by only looking at the back of it. Within the magic trade, well known trick decks include the Svengali Deck, the Invisible Deck, and the Mental Photography Deck. What does each do?
Back in the day
While serving as governor of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant became known for his harsh rule and intolerance of religious dissenters. In 1657, several citizens petitioned Stuyvesant to remove his ban on Quaker worship. Now known as the Flushing Remonstrance—named for the town of Flushing that is today a part of Queens, New York—the petition is considered a precursor to the US Constitution's provision on freedom of religion in the Bill of Rights. How did Stuyvesant respond?
Born on a day like today
Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician who, with his brother Johann, pioneered German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz's calculus. The first to use the word "integral" in solving Leibniz's problem of the isochronous curve, Jakob used calculus to study the forms of many curves arising in practical situations. In 1713, he wrote Ars Conjectandi, or The Art of Conjecture, an important treatise on the theory of probability that contained the Bernoulli numbers, which are what?