In 1830, England was the site of a widespread uprising of impoverished and landless agricultural laborers who aimed to stop wage reductions and rid farms of threshing machines, which minimized the need for manual labor. The rioters destroyed barns, workhouses, and over 100 threshers but killed no one. The nominal leader of the riots, Captain Swing—whose name was signed on threatening letters sent to farmers, magistrates, and others—has never been identified. Why do many believe he never existed?
Back in the day
At the age of nine, Louis XIII succeeded his father, Henry IV, under the regency of his mother, Marie de' Medici. Even after Louis was declared of age in 1614, his mother arranged his marriage to Anne of Austria in 1615 and continued to govern until 1617. Resentful of her power, Louis exiled her, but the two were reconciled by her principal adviser Cardinal Richelieu, whom Louis later named chief minister. Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu are among the central characters of what novel?
Born on a day like today
Margarita Cansino began her show business career as a child, dancing flamenco with her well-known father, Eduardo. After taking acting lessons, changing her last name to Hayworth, and dying her hair its trademark red, she embarked on an acting career. Her appearance in a series of musicals made her a star, and her role in Gilda confirmed her status as a Hollywood sex symbol. One of the most popular wartime pinups, Hayworth's Life magazine "love goddess" image sold how many copies?