In ancient Rome, magistrates in charge of public works, games, buildings, and roads were called aediles, derived from the Latin word for "temple" or "building." Appointed from the ranks of both patricians and plebeians, these officials were generally young men intending to pursue high political office. Aediles supervised markets, the grain supply, and the water supply and also had powers to enforce public order. The position was created at the same time as what important Roman office?
Back in the day
Los Niños Héroes—the "Boy Heroes"—were six teenage Mexican army cadets who died defending Mexico City's Chapultepec Castle from invading US forces during the Mexican-American War. Ignoring orders to fall back, the young cadets fought until the end. According to many accounts, the last survivor leapt from the castle roof wrapped in the Mexican flag to prevent it from being taken. What US President visited the monument honoring the cadets a few months before the battle's 100th anniversary?
Born on a day like today
After serving as apprentice to a Lancaster, Pennsylvania, confectioner, Hershey opened his own candy store in Philadelphia. By 1886, he was back in Lancaster, where he soon found success making caramels using fresh milk. By 1900, he had sold his caramel business to concentrate on chocolate. In 1903, he built a factory to manufacture five-cent chocolate bars, which became so popular that "Hershey" became virtually synonymous with chocolate in the US. To what causes did Hershey donate his fortune?