Popular in England until the 19th century, bear-baiting is a blood sport in which trained dogs are set upon a chained bear. Bear gardens, arenas where bears were exhibited and bear-baiting events were held, consisted of a circular, high walled area—called the "pit"—and raised seating for spectators. Said to have been favored by monarchs like Henry VIII and Elizabeth I, the sport was eventually outlawed due to its cruelty. In the US in the 19th century, grizzlies were pitted against what animals?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Back in the day
Son of Philip the Bold, John the Fearless was duke of Burgundy from 1404–1419. He continued his father's feud with Louis, Duke of Orléans, brother of King Charles VI, and became popular by advocating reforms. In 1407, he had Louis assassinated and later obtained control of the French government. Rivalry with the supporters of Orléans led to civil war in 1411, and he seized Paris in 1418. At a negotiation meeting with the dauphin—the future King Charles VII—John was assassinated. Who killed him?
Born on a day like today
One of golf's most charismatic players, Palmer was instrumental in popularizing the sport in the US. After winning the US Amateur championship, Palmer turned professional in 1954 and won the Canadian Open in 1955. Between 1958 and 1964, he won the Masters four times, the British Open twice, and the US Open once. In 1967, he became the first golfer to earn more than $1 million in prize money. One of the first television-age golfing personalities, he attracted a loyal following known as what?