Put simply, probiotics are harmless bacteria that help protect the human body from harmful bacteria. Probiotic bacterial cultures are intended to help the body reestablish its naturally occurring gut flora—microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract. One of the most common types of microbes used is lactic acid bacteria, which actively convert lactose into lactic acid and may help individuals with what conditions?
Back in the day
"The Great Moon Hoax" was a series of six New York Sun articles discussing the supposed discovery of life on the Moon. The discovery—allegedly made using a massive telescope—was falsely attributed to famed astronomer Sir John Herschel. In the articles, the author claims that unicorns, bipedal beavers, bat-like humanoids, and other fantastic animals inhabit a forest- and ocean-covered Moon. The series was likely intended to boost the paper's sales and ridicule what contemporary theories?
Born on a day like today
Pinkerton, an American detective and spy, founded the first private detective agency in the US—the Pinkerton Detective Agency—in 1850. The agency, which specialized in railroad theft cases, soon became famous, and Pinkerton opened branches in several cities. In 1860, he discovered and thwarted a plot to assassinate newly elected President Abraham Lincoln while en route to his inauguration. He went on to serve as a spy during the Civil War and head up what would become what government agency?