Towering above the surrounding plains, Sigiriya is an ancient Sri Lankan rock fortress noted for its unique frescoes and landscaped gardens. Likely built in the fifth century, the site includes the remains of an upper palace on the flat top of the rock, a middle terrace featuring a polished porcelain "mirror wall," a lower palace, and a surrounding moat system. An important example of urban planning in the first millennium, the fortress contains sophisticated engineering features, such as what?
Back in the day
In 1989, more than a million people formed a human chain more than 373 miles (600 km) long across the three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Known as the "Baltic Way," the demonstration marked the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, an agreement between the Soviet Union and Germany that secretly divided Poland and gave the Soviet Union control of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Finland. When did the Soviet Union finally admit the existence of the secret protocol?
Born on a day like today
Often called "the maker of modern Greece," Venizelos was a Greek revolutionary who became a prominent statesman. After leading an assembly to declare the union of Crete with Greece in 1905, he went to Athens and won an extraordinary popular following. During his first term as Greek premier, he completed the revision of the constitution and led Greece through the Balkan Wars, in which its territory and population were approximately doubled. Why was Venizelos exiled shortly before his death?