" There is only one thing...that I dislike in sleep; 'tis that it resembles death; there's very little difference between a man in his first sleep, and a man in his last sleep. "
Miguel de Cervantes

Back in the day


Battle of Evesham

In 1258, English nobleman Simon de Montfort joined other barons in forcing King Henry III to accept the Provisions of Oxford—often considered England's first written constitution—which limited the power of the monarchy. When Henry renounced the Provisions, Montfort led a force against him, defeating the royalist army at the Battle of Lewes and becoming England's de facto ruler. Less than a year later, he was killed by Henry's son Edward at the Battle of Evesham. What happened to his body?




The use of crowns as symbols of royal rank is an ancient tradition that dates back to Achaemenid Persia and Pharaonic Egypt. Crowns in ancient Greece and Rome—wreaths of leaves or ribbons—were awarded to victors of contests or bestowed upon citizens to recognize acts of public service. In medieval and more modern times, crowns were generally made of metal, often gold inlaid with precious gems. According to legend, what ruler surprised the Pope by crowning himself during a coronation ceremony?

Born on a day like today


Louis Vuitton

In 1835, Vuitton moved to Paris, where he became an apprentice malletier, or trunk-maker, crafting luggage for the French aristocracy. In 1854, he founded the company that would become a worldwide fashion icon. By 1885, the company had opened its first store in London. He introduced a line of innovative traveling trunks, and his designs soon became the subjects of widespread imitation—a trend that continues even today. What percent of the items bearing the Louis Vuitton monogram are counterfeit?

Last updated on Wednesday, 4th August 2010

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