King Philip's War was, proportionately, one of the bloodiest and costliest conflicts in America's history. By 1660, New England settlers had pushed into Native American territory in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. To protect their lands, Wampanoag chief Metacom—also known as King Philip—organized a federation of tribes, which destroyed several frontier settlements in 1675. In retaliation, the colonial militia burned villages and crops. How many people died in the conflict?
Back in the day
Just a month after Nazi forces overran Poland and began distributing anti-Semitic propaganda there, the non-Jewish residents of the Polish town of Jedwabne took it upon themselves to round up and massacre Jews living in the area, burning hundreds alive. The fact that the Jedwabne Pogrom was not a German death squad operation but was actually "committed directly by Poles" was only recently established by the Polish Institute of National Remembrance. What details of the atrocity are still debated?
Born on a day like today
Known as the "Father of Impressionism," Pissarro was the only Impressionist painter who participated in all eight of the group's exhibitions. He is notable not only for his paintings of rural and urban French life but in his role as a mentor to postimpressionists Paul Cézanne and Paul Gauguin. He gained popularity in the 1890s with his interpretation of nature, including many landscapes drawn from his surroundings in the French countryside. Why were many of his paintings destroyed in 1871?