Satyagraha is the philosophy of passive resistance introduced by Mohandas Gandhi in South Africa in 1906 and successfully employed in the Indian independence movement. Satyagraha involves the refusal to submit to anything perceived as wrong, while adhering to the principle of nonviolence in order to maintain the tranquility of mind required for insight. Meaning "insistence on truth" in Sanskrit, Satyagraha played a significant role in what other civil rights movement across the globe?
Back in the day
Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960, and its first years of autonomy were characterized by severe conflict between its many ethnic groups. In 1967, the predominantly Igbo Eastern Region of Nigeria seceded amid fears that the rival Hausa tribe was gaining increasing power in Nigeria's central government. Though the newly proclaimed Republic of Biafra made advances early in the war, it was no match for Nigeria's forces. What medical organization was established as a result of the war?
Born on a day like today
Kahlo, a Mexican artist noted for her self-portraits, taught herself to paint while recovering from a severe bus accident that crippled her as a teen and required her to undergo some 35 operations. Drawing on her personal experiences, her works often starkly portray pain and the harsh lives of women. Though once known only as the wife of famous Mexican artist Diego Rivera, she eventually eclipsed his fame. Of her 143 paintings, how many are self-portraits?