Unit 731 was a covert biological and chemical warfare research unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that conducted lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried out by Japanese personnel, including experimentation on more than 10,000 people, many of whom faced infection with diseases or invasive medical procedures while still alive. How did Unit 731 use bubonic plague as a bio-warfare agent?
Back in the day
Popularly known as "Custer's Last Stand," the Battle of the Little Bighorn occurred during the US government's campaign to force the Cheyenne and Sioux onto reservations using federal troops. Upon encountering a large encampment of the tribes, General George Custer launched an early attack with a party of approximately 200 soldiers. The troops were annihilated by the vastly larger force, and Custer himself was killed during the battle along with two of his brothers. Who led the Indian alliance?
Born on a day like today
Best known by his pseudonym George Orwell, Eric Arthur Blair was a British novelist and essayist famed for his satirical and political novels, the anti-Soviet fable Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, a prophetic novel that portrays the catastrophic excesses of state control over the individual. Orwell was distrustful of all political parties and ideologies, and this sentiment is reflected in much of his work. How did Orwell come up with the title Nineteen Eighty-Four?