Simurgh is the modern Persian name for a mythical, benevolent flying creature found in all periods of Greater Iranian art and literature as well as in the iconography of medieval Armenia and Byzantium. The simurgh is depicted as a female, winged creature with the head of a dog and the claws of a lion. It is said to be large enough to carry off an elephant or a whale. According to Iranian legends, the bird is so old that it has seen the destruction of the world how many times?
Back in the day
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, it took the US nearly 12 hours to receive and decode Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev's initial settlement message. By the time the US drafted a reply, Moscow had already sent new demands. Afterward, it was decided that the crisis could have been resolved more quickly with faster communication. In 1963, a "hot line"—the so-called "red telephone"—was established to provide a direct link between the White House and the Kremlin. When was the hotline first used?
Born on a day like today
Hirsch was a German Jewish scholar and rabbi who advocated combining traditional Jewish study with secular learning. Arguing that Orthodox Jews should separate from the larger Jewish community in defense of their traditions, Hirsch made a profound impression in German Jewish circles with his Nineteen Letters, which expounded his philosophy—often called neo-Orthodoxy—and helped make Orthodox Judaism viable in 19th-century Germany. Why are many of Hirsch's commentaries still controversial?