Completed by three monks in 976, the Codex Vigilanus is an illuminated compilation of historical documents from the Visigothic period in Spain. Named after one of its illustrators, Vigila, the codex contains a variety of texts, including the Visigothic code, the canons of the Councils of Toledo, the decrees of several early popes, and various pieces of civil and canon law. It also contains a calendar, historical narratives, and the first mention and representation in the West of what?
Back in the day
Now famously known as Leopold and Loeb, Nathan Leopold, Jr., and Richard Loeb were two University of Chicago students who murdered 14-year-old Bobby Franks in 1924 as part of an elaborate plan to commit the "perfect crime." Although the duo attempted to conceal or destroy all evidence linking them to the crime, a pair of Leopold's eyeglasses was found near the scene, and the two later confessed. Spared the death penalty, they were instead sentenced to life in prison plus how many years?
Born on a day like today
Dürer, a painter and printmaker, was one of the most important figures of the northern Renaissance as well as the first German artist to achieve substantial international renown. He was a superb draftsman and painter—he created the first known self-portrait in the history of European art—but is perhaps best known for the vast number of woodcuts and engravings he made throughout his career, which combine meticulous craftsmanship with rich detail. What are some of Dürer's most famous works?