Virtually all modern Indian and Middle Eastern writing systems—as well as some from East and Southeast Asia—use a script that can be traced back to the Aramaic alphabet. Aramaic's influence on these writing systems can be attributed to its position as the official language of the Persian Empire and as the lingua franca—common language used among people of different mother tongues—of the Fertile Crescent. In the Aramaic alphabet, every character is a consonant. How are vowels formed?
Miguel de Cervantes
Back in the day
Four days after four students were shot and killed while protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University in Ohio, several hundred anti-war protesters gathered near New York City Hall to hold a memorial for the shooting victims and protest the war. At around noon, 200 construction workers attacked the approximately 1,000 protesters—most of whom were high school and college students—resulting in dozens of injuries and six arrests. Who organized the construction workers in the counter-protest?
Born on a day like today
A national hero in Mexico, where the state of Hidalgo bears his name, Miguel Hidalgo was a priest and revolutionary leader who is regarded as the founder of the Mexican War of Independence movement. Influenced by the French Revolution, he launched a revolt against Spain in the early 19th century. Hidalgo led the rebels to several early victories but was captured, defrocked, and executed by firing squad along with other revolutionary leaders in 1811. What was done with their remains?