The Four Stages of Cruelty is a series of four engravings published in 1751 by William Hogarth, an English artist credited with pioneering Western sequential art. Each print depicts a stage in the life of the fictional Tom Nero. Beginning with the torture of a dog as a child, Nero progresses to beating his horse, and then to robbery and murder. In the final scene, which is grisly even by modern standards, Nero's body is dissected after his execution. Why did Hogarth create the series?
Back in the day
On April 22, 1889, some 50,000 people lined up to grab a piece of the 2 million acres (8,000 sq km) being made available by the US government in the first land run into the Unassigned Lands, later known as the state of Oklahoma. Each settler could claim a lot of up to 160 acres (0.65 sq km). A number of participants illegally entered and hid in the area before the run officially began at noon in order to quickly claim the choicest homesteads. What did the early entrants come to be known as?
Born on a day like today
Kant was a German metaphysician who shook the foundations of Western philosophy. In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant proposed that objective reality is known only insofar as it conforms to the essential structure of the knowing mind and that things beyond experience are unknowable. He thus concluded that the existence of God, freedom, and immortality can be neither affirmed nor denied on theoretical grounds. His system of ethics is based the "categorical imperative," which is what?